The Civil War (Unit #1)

Drawing on new historical scholarship about the most contentious time in American history, students consider: Was the Civil War a War for Freedom?

Unit Introduction 

The Lessons 

aThe Road to War
  • Slavery 
  • States' Rights
  • Sectional Differences 


  • Election of 1860
  • Philosophical Justification of Secession 
  • Constitutional Requirements of Secession 


aStrategies and Battles
  • Advantages of the Confederacy and the Union 
  • Military Strategies 
  • Selected Battles (Fort Sumter, Bull Run, Monitor vs. Merrimack, Fort Donelson, Shenandoah, Shiloh, Antietam, Vicksburg, Fort Wagner, Gettysburg, Sherman's March to the Sea, & Appomattox)
  • Analyzing Perspective
  • Views of Northern and Southern Groups
  • Perspectives of Historical Figures


aLincoln's Speeches
  • Review of the Declaration of Independence
  • Address to the Illinois Republican Convention (the "House Divided" Speech), the First and Second Inaugural Addresses
  • The Emancipation Proclamation and the Gettysburg Address


  • Slaves Seek Freedom
  • Emancipation Proclamation


aEffects of the Civil War
  • Effects of the War on Different Populations
  • Massive Death and Destruction Caused by the War
  • Long-term Consequences of the War


aFinal Assessment
  • Perspectives of Historical Figures
  • Assessing the Civil War as a War for Freedom




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